Difference between revisions of "Minimal Pairs"

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Minimal pairs involving consonant sounds:
 
Minimal pairs involving consonant sounds:
  
'''//p//b/'''
+
'''/p/ /b/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|pin-bin [[File:Pin-bin.ogg|Pin-bin.ogg]]
 
|pin-bin [[File:Pin-bin.ogg|Pin-bin.ogg]]
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/t//d/'''
+
'''/t/ /d/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|tin-din [[File:Tin-din.ogg|Tin-din.ogg]]
 
|tin-din [[File:Tin-din.ogg|Tin-din.ogg]]
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/k//g/'''
+
'''/k/ /g/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|key-ghee [[File:Key-ghee.ogg|Key-ghee.ogg]]
 
|key-ghee [[File:Key-ghee.ogg|Key-ghee.ogg]]
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|}
 
|}
  
'''//f//v/'''
+
'''/f/ /v/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|fan-van [[File:Fan-van.ogg|Fan-van.ogg]]
 
|fan-van [[File:Fan-van.ogg|Fan-van.ogg]]
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|}
 
|}
  
'''//v//w//'''
+
'''//v/ /w//'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|VOW-WOW [[File:Vow-wow.ogg|Vow-wow.ogg]]
 
|VOW-WOW [[File:Vow-wow.ogg|Vow-wow.ogg]]
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/'''θ'''/ /'''ð'''/'''
+
'''/θ/ /ð/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|Teeth-teethe
 
|Teeth-teethe
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/s//'''ʃ/
+
'''/s//'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|sip-ship
 
|sip-ship
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/'''ʧ'''//d3/'''
+
'''/ʧ//d3/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|char-jar
 
|char-jar
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|}
 
|}
  
'''/z/ /'''ʃ/
+
'''/z/ /'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|zip-ship
 
|zip-ship
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'''Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:'''
 
'''Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:'''
  
/I/ /i:/
+
'''/I/ /i:/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|sit-seat
 
|sit-seat
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|}
 
|}
  
/e/ /æ/
+
'''/e/ /æ/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|met-mat
 
|met-mat
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|}
 
|}
  
/ʊ//u:/
+
'''/ʊ//u:/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|full-fool
 
|full-fool
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|}
 
|}
  
/ɔ//ɔ:/
+
'''/ɔ/ /ɔ:/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|cot-caught
 
|cot-caught
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|}
 
|}
  
/æ//a:/
+
'''/æ/ /a:/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|pat-part
 
|pat-part
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|}
 
|}
  
/ɪ//e/
+
'''/ɪ//e/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|pin-pen
 
|pin-pen
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|chick-check
 
|chick-check
 
|}
 
|}
/æ/ /ɜ:/
+
'''/æ/ /ɜ:/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|Fan - fern
 
|Fan - fern
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|jam-germ
 
|jam-germ
 
|}
 
|}
/eɪ/ /aɪ/
+
'''/eɪ/ /aɪ/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|fail-file
 
|fail-file
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|}
 
|}
  
/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/
+
'''/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|bail-boil
 
|bail-boil
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|}
 
|}
  
/əʊ/ /aʊ/
+
'''/əʊ/ /aʊ/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|whole-howl
 
|whole-howl
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|}
 
|}
  
/ʊə/ /ɪə/
+
'''/ʊə/ /ɪə/'''
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|poor-pier
 
|poor-pier

Revision as of 07:24, 30 December 2019

Minimal Pairs

Minimal pairs are pairs of words which differ in a single sound.They serve as a drill for

practising sounds.

Minimal pairs involving consonant sounds:

/p/ /b/

pin-bin
pear-bear
pan-ban
pail-bail
nip-bib tap-tab
mop-mob
lap-lab

/t/ /d/

tin-din
tear-dare
tall-doll ten-den
bat-bad
seat-seed
let-led
tight-tide

/k/ /g/

key-ghee
cot-got
come-gum
kill-gill
luck-lug
lock-log
dock-dog
wick-wig

/f/ /v/

fan-van
fail-veil
fast-vast
file-vile
leaf-leave
life-live
safe-save
shelf-shelve

//v/ /w//

VOW-WOW
vet-wet
vile-while
viper-wiper

/θ/ /ð/

Teeth-teethe

/s/ /z/

sip-zip sue-zoo sink-zinc seal-zeal
bus-buzz price-prize lace-laze dose-doze

/s//ʃ/

sip-ship so-show same-shame sin-shin
puss-push sass-lash mess-mesh lease-leash

/ʧ//d3/

char-jar choose-jews choke-joke
etch-edge batch-badge Lunch-lunge

/z/ /ʃ/

zip-ship zoo-shoe
was-wash whiz-wish

Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:

/I/ /i:/

sit-seat bit-beat lick-leak fill-fel

/e/ /æ/

met-mat led-lad men-man shell-shall

/ʊ//u:/

full-fool pull-pool soot-suit

/ɔ/ /ɔ:/

cot-caught not-nought tot-taught

/æ/ /a:/

pat-part mat-mart cat-cart

/ɪ//e/

pin-pen bid-bed bill-bell chick-check

/æ/ /ɜ:/

Fan - fern had-heard bad-bird jam-germ

/eɪ/ /aɪ/

fail-file main-mine lake-like late-light

/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/

bail-boil grain-groin paint-point ail-oil

/əʊ/ /aʊ/

whole-howl Rose-rouse thought-thou load-loud

/ʊə/ /ɪə/

poor-pier Tour-tier sure-sheer moor-mere