Difference between revisions of "Minimal Pairs"

From Karnataka Open Educational Resources
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 24: Line 24:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/t/ /d/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/t/ /d/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|tin-din [[File:Tin-din.ogg|Tin-din.ogg]]
 
|tin-din [[File:Tin-din.ogg|Tin-din.ogg]]
Line 37: Line 39:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/k/ /g/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/k/ /g/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|key-ghee [[File:Key-ghee.ogg|Key-ghee.ogg]]
 
|key-ghee [[File:Key-ghee.ogg|Key-ghee.ogg]]
Line 50: Line 54:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/f/ /v/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/f/ /v/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|fan-van [[File:Fan-van.ogg|Fan-van.ogg]]
 
|fan-van [[File:Fan-van.ogg|Fan-van.ogg]]
Line 63: Line 69:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''//v/ /w//'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''//v/ /w//'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|VOW-WOW [[File:Vow-wow.ogg|Vow-wow.ogg]]
 
|VOW-WOW [[File:Vow-wow.ogg|Vow-wow.ogg]]
Line 71: Line 79:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/θ/ /ð/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/θ/ /ð/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|Teeth-teethe
 
|Teeth-teethe
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/s/ /z/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/s/ /z/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|sip-zip  
 
|sip-zip  
Line 89: Line 101:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/s//ʃ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/s//ʃ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|sip-ship
 
|sip-ship
Line 102: Line 116:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/ʧ//d3/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/ʧ//d3/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|char-jar
 
|char-jar
Line 115: Line 131:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/z/ /ʃ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/z/ /ʃ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|zip-ship
 
|zip-ship
Line 126: Line 144:
 
'''Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:'''
 
'''Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:'''
  
'''/I/ /i:/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/I/ /i:/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|sit-seat
 
|sit-seat
Line 134: Line 154:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/e/ /æ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/e/ /æ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|met-mat
 
|met-mat
Line 142: Line 164:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/ʊ//u:/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/ʊ//u:/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|full-fool
 
|full-fool
Line 150: Line 174:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/ɔ/ /ɔ:/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/ɔ/ /ɔ:/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|cot-caught
 
|cot-caught
Line 157: Line 183:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/æ/ /a:/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/æ/ /a:/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|pat-part
 
|pat-part
Line 164: Line 192:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/ɪ//e/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''//ɪ//e/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|pin-pen
 
|pin-pen
Line 171: Line 201:
 
|chick-check
 
|chick-check
 
|}
 
|}
'''/æ/ /ɜ:/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/æ/ /ɜ:/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|Fan - fern
 
|Fan - fern
Line 178: Line 210:
 
|jam-germ
 
|jam-germ
 
|}
 
|}
'''/eɪ/ /aɪ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/eɪ/ /aɪ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|fail-file
 
|fail-file
Line 186: Line 220:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|bail-boil
 
|bail-boil
Line 194: Line 230:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/əʊ/ /aʊ/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/əʊ/ /aʊ/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|whole-howl
 
|whole-howl
Line 202: Line 240:
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''/ʊə/ /ɪə/'''
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|'''/ʊə/ /ɪə/'''
 +
|}
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|poor-pier
 
|poor-pier

Revision as of 08:11, 30 December 2019

Minimal Pairs

Minimal pairs are pairs of words which differ in a single sound.They serve as a drill for practising sounds.

Minimal pairs involving consonant sounds:

/p/ /b/
pin-bin
pear-bear
pan-ban
pail-bail
nip-bib tap-tab
mop-mob
lap-lab
/t/ /d/
tin-din
tear-dare
tall-doll ten-den
bat-bad
seat-seed
let-led
tight-tide
/k/ /g/
key-ghee
cot-got
come-gum
kill-gill
luck-lug
lock-log
dock-dog
wick-wig
/f/ /v/
fan-van
fail-veil
fast-vast
file-vile
leaf-leave
life-live
safe-save
shelf-shelve
//v/ /w//
VOW-WOW
vet-wet
vile-while
viper-wiper
/θ/ /ð/
Teeth-teethe
/s/ /z/
sip-zip sue-zoo sink-zinc seal-zeal
bus-buzz price-prize lace-laze dose-doze
/s//ʃ/
sip-ship so-show same-shame sin-shin
puss-push sass-lash mess-mesh lease-leash
/ʧ//d3/
char-jar choose-jews choke-joke
etch-edge batch-badge Lunch-lunge
/z/ /ʃ/
zip-ship zoo-shoe
was-wash whiz-wish

Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:

/I/ /i:/
sit-seat bit-beat lick-leak fill-fel
/e/ /æ/
met-mat led-lad men-man shell-shall
/ʊ//u:/
full-fool pull-pool soot-suit
/ɔ/ /ɔ:/
cot-caught not-nought tot-taught
/æ/ /a:/
pat-part mat-mart cat-cart
//ɪ//e/
pin-pen bid-bed bill-bell chick-check
/æ/ /ɜ:/
Fan - fern had-heard bad-bird jam-germ
/eɪ/ /aɪ/
fail-file main-mine lake-like late-light
/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/
bail-boil grain-groin paint-point ail-oil
/əʊ/ /aʊ/
whole-howl Rose-rouse thought-thou load-loud
/ʊə/ /ɪə/
poor-pier Tour-tier sure-sheer moor-mere