Difference between revisions of "Minimal Pairs"

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Revision as of 16:24, 13 January 2020

Minimal Pairs

Minimal pairs are pairs of words which differ in a single sound.They serve as a drill for practising sounds.

Minimal pairs involving consonant sounds:

/p/ /b/
pin-bin
pear-bear
pan-ban
pail-bail
nip-bib tap-tab
mop-mob
lap-lab
/t/ /d/
tin-din
tear-dare
tall-doll
ten-den
bat-bad
seat-seed
let-led
tight-tide
/k/ /g/
key-ghee
cot-got
come-gum
kill-gill
luck-lug
lock-log
dock-dog
wick-wig
/f/ /v/
fan-van
fail-veil
fast-vast
file-vile
leaf-leave
life-live
safe-save
shelf-shelve
//v/ /w//
VOW-WOW
vet-wet
vile-while
viper-wiper
/θ/ /ð/
/s/ /z/
sip-zip
sue-zoo
sink-zinc
seal-zeal
bus-buzz
price-prize
lace-laze
dose-doze
/s//ʃ/
sip-ship
so-show
same-shame
sin-shin
puss-push
sass-lash
mess-mesh
lease-leash
/ʧ//d3/
char-jar
choose-jews
choke-joke
etch-edge
batch-badge
Lunch-lunge
/z/ /ʃ/
zip-ship
zoo-shoe
was-wash
whiz-wish

Minimal pairs involving vowel sounds:

/I/ /i:/
sit-seat bit-beat
lick-leak
fill-fel
/e/ /æ/
met-mat
led-lad
men-man
shell-shall
/ʊ//u:/
full-fool
pull-pool
soot-suit
/ɔ/ /ɔ:/
cot-caught
not-nought
tot-taught
/æ/ /a:/
pat-part
mat-mart
cat-cart
//ɪ//e/
pin-pen
bid-bed
bill-bell
chick-check
/æ/ /ɜ:/
Fan - fern
hat-heard
bad-bird
jam-germ
/eɪ/ /aɪ/
fail-file
main-mine
lake-like
late-light
/eɪ/ /ɔɪ/
bail-boil grain-groin paint-point ail-oil
/əʊ/ /aʊ/
whole-howl Rose-rouse
thought-thou load-loud
/ʊə/ /ɪə/
poor-pier Tour-tier
sure-sheer moor-mere