ಐಸಿಟಿ ವಿದ್ಯಾರ್ಥಿ ಪಠ್ಯ/ಪರಿಚಯ

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ಐಸಿಟಿ ವಿದ್ಯಾರ್ಥಿ ಪಠ್ಯ
Preface Introduction What is the nature of ICT

ಐಸಿಟಿ ಎಂದರೇನು?

ಸೆಲ್ಪಿ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಿರುವ ಹುಡುಗಿಯರು

ನೀವು ಇದನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಾ? ಹುಡುಗಿಯರು ಏನು ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆಂದು ನೀವು ಹೇಳಬಲ್ಲಿರಾ?

ತಮ್ಮ ಫೋಟೋ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಅವರು ಮೊಬೈಲ್ ಫೋನ್ ಬಳಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಅವರು ಅದನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವಲ್ಲಿ ಏನಾದರೂ ವಿಭಿನ್ನವಾಗಿದೆಯೇ? ನಿಮ್ಮ ಶಾಲೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಥವಾ ಸಮುದಾಯ ಅಥವಾ ಮನೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾರಾದರೂ ಫೋನ್ ಬಳಸುವುದನ್ನು ನೀವು ಎಂದಾದರೂ ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಾ? ಫೋನ್ ಮೂಲಕ ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ ವಿಷಯಗಳನ್ನು ನೀವು ವಿವರಿಸಬಹುದೇ?

ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲೂ ಹಣ!

ಈ ಯಂತ್ರವನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ - ನಿಮ್ಮ ನೆರೆಹೊರೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಎಲ್ಲಿಯಾದರೂ ಈ ರೀತಿಯದನ್ನು ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಾ? ಈ ಯಂತ್ರವನ್ನು ಯಾರಾದರೂ ಬಳಸುವುದನ್ನು ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಾ? ಇದು Automated Teller Machine ATM (ಸ್ವಯಂಚಾಲಿತ ಟೆಲ್ಲರ್ ಯಂತ್ರ), ನೀವು ನಗದು ಪಡೆಯಬಹುದಾದ ಯಂತ್ರ. 'ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲೂ ಹಣ' ಎಂಬುದು ಎಟಿಎಂಗೆ ಮತ್ತೊಂದು ಪೂರ್ಣ ರೂಪವಾಗಿದೆ. ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಬ್ಯಾಂಕಿನ ಹೆಸರನ್ನು ಎಟಿಎಂನಲ್ಲಿ ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ, ಉದಾಹರಣೆಗೆ ಸ್ಟೇಟ್ ಬ್ಯಾಂಕ್ ಆಫ್ ಇಂಡಿಯಾ ಎಟಿಎಂ.

ಈ ಎರಡು ಚಿತ್ರಗಳ ನಡುವೆ ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾದ ಅಂಶ ಏನಿದೆ ಎಂದು ನೀವು ಯೋಚಿಸುತ್ತೀರಾ? ಬನ್ನಿ ಕಂಡುಹಿಡಿಯೋಣ.

ಯೋಚಿಸಿ ಮತ್ತು ಬರೆಯಿರಿ

ಕೆಳಗಿನ ಕೋಷ್ಟಕವನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ ಅದನ್ನು ಪೂರ್ಣಗೊಳಿಸಿ. ಕೊನೆಯ ಸಾಲಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ವಿಷಯಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವುದಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ನಿಮಗೆ ಅಗತ್ಯವಿರುವ ಸಾಧನ ಮತ್ತು ಸೌಲಭ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ಪಟ್ಟಿ ಮಾಡಿ.

ಯೋಚಿಸಿ ಮತ್ತು ಬರೆಯಿರಿ

ಕೆಳಗಿನವುಗಳನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ ಮತ್ತು ನೀವು ಮಾಡಿದ್ದರೆ ಅಥವಾ ನೋಡಿದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಥವಾ ಈ ವಿಷಯಗಳ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಕೇಳಿದ್ದರೆ ಗುರುತು ಮಾಡಿ

  • ಫೋನ್ ಮೂಲಕ ಯಾರಾದರೂ ಗ್ಯಾಸ್ ಸಿಲಿಂಡರ್ ರೀಫಿಲ್ ಅನ್ನು ಕಾಯ್ದಿರಿಸಿದ್ದನ್ನು ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಿ.
  • ನೀವು, ಅಥವಾ ನಿಮಗೆ ತಿಳಿದಿರುವ ಯಾರೊಬ್ಬರು ಧರ್ಮಸ್ಥಳ ದೇವಾಲಯ ದರ್ಶನಕ್ಕೆ ಟಿಕೆಟ್‌ ಮೇಲೆ ಮುದ್ರಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಂಡ ಫೋಟೋವನ್ನು ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
  • ನೀವು ನಿಮ್ಮ ಕಂಪ್ಯೂಟರ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ವೀಡಿಯೊಗಳನ್ನು ವೀಕ್ಷಿಸಿದ್ದೀರಿ
  • ಫೋನ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ನೀವು ಹಾಡುಗಳನ್ನು ಕೇಳಿದ್ದೀರಿ.
  • ಫೋನ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾರು ಸಂದೇಶಗಳನ್ನು ಕಳುಹಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ ಎಂದು ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಿ
  • ಬಿಲ್‌ ಪಾವತಿ ಮಾಡಲು ಜನರು ಫೋನ್ ಬಳಸುವುದನ್ನು ನೀವು ನೋಡಿದ್ದೀರಿ

ನಿಮ್ಮ ಸ್ನೇಹಿತರುಮಾಡಿದ ಪಟ್ಟಿಯೊಂದಿಗೆ ನೀವು ಮಾಡಿದ ಪಟ್ಟಿಯನ್ನು ಹೋಲಿಸಿ. ನೀವು ಏನು ಕಂಡುಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದೀರಿ? ಈಗ ನೀವು ಈ ಕೆಲಸಗಳನ್ನು ಹೇಗೆ ಮಾಡುವುದೆಂದು ಯೋಚಿಸಬಹುದು.

ಒಂದು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯ ಲಕ್ಷಣವಿದೆ, ಇದು ಎಲ್ಲಾ ವಿಭಿನ್ನ ವಿಷಯಗಳನ್ನು ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾಗುವಂತೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತದೆ - ಇನ್ಫರ್ಮೇಷನ್ ಕಮ್ಯುನಿಕೇಷನ್ ಟೆಕ್ನಾಲಜೀಸ್‌ನ ಬಳಕೆ (ಸಂಕ್ಷಿಪ್ತವಾಗಿ ಐಸಿಟಿ). ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ರಚಿಸಲು, ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ಪ್ರವೇಶಿಸಲು, ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ವಿಶ್ಲೇಷಿಸಲು ಮತ್ತು ಪರಸ್ಪರ ಸಂವಹನ ಮಾಡಲು ಸಹಾಯ ಮಾಡುವ ತಾಂತ್ರಿಕತೆಯ ಆ ಗುಂಪನ್ನು ICT ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಿಸುತ್ತದೆ..

Emojione 1F914.svg
ಮಾತು ಐಸಿಟಿಯೇ? ಬರೆಯುವುದು ಐಸಿಟಿಯೇ? ಪುಸ್ತಕವು ಐಸಿಟಿಯೇ? ಈಗ ಐಸಿಟಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾವುದಾದರೂ ವಿಶೇಷತೆ ಇದೆಯೇ?






ಮಾನವರು ಯಾವಾಗಲೂ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಮತ್ತು ಸಂವಹನವನ್ನು ಸಂಗ್ರಹಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ, ಆದರೆ ಈ ತಂತ್ರಜ್ಞಾನಗಳಿಗೆ ವಿಶೇಷತೆ ತರುವುದು, ಅವುಗಳ ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಸ್ವಭಾವ. ಈ ಪಠ್ಯಪುಸ್ತಕದಲ್ಲಿ ನಾವು ಐಸಿಟಿ ಯನ್ನು ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಿಸುವಾಗ ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ತಂತ್ರಜ್ಞಾನ ಅಥವಾ ಡಿಜಿಟಲ್ ಐಸಿಟಿ ಎಂದರ್ಥ.

ನಾವು ಐಸಿಟಿ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಮೊದಲು, ಕೆಳಗಿನ ಪಟ್ಟಿಯನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ ಮತ್ತು ನೀವು ಕೇಳಿದ ಎಲ್ಲ ಪದಗಳನ್ನು ಗುರುತಿಸಿ:
Have_you_heard_of_ICT_terms.mm

(If you are referring to the printed book, please open the file "Have_you_heard_of_ICT_terms.mm" on your computer using Freeplane).

As students, you may have been introduced to some of these terms in your school, in your family or in your neighbourhood. The cell phone tower, your nearest ATM, your mother's mobile phone, games, Whatsapp chats, email, the selfie, internet, videos and songs on your computer - all these are examples of a new kind of ICT. These technologies are called digital technologies and they are changing the way we talk to each other, work with each other, and the way we do things. The computer is becoming like a television, the phone is becoming like a computer, you can use the computer to make voice calls, you can record a video with your phone, you can read your newspaper on the phone, and you can even paint with your computer! The technologies that make these possible are called digital technologies, which is a new kind of ICT.

You can read more about how ICT developed, in the chapter on Science, Technology and Society.

We live in an information society

Look at the pictures below and discuss with your friends and teacher.

A Bonobo with a stick
What is the bonobo doing in this picture - can you guess? You are correct! It is "fishing" for termites from an ant hill. (Bonobo belongs to the same family as the chimpanzee and used to be called the pygmy chimpanzee).


Did you think only human beings can fish? When it was first discovered in the 1920s that chimpanzees can make tools, all over the scientific community, people were amazed. This was because human beings were defined as the only species which makes tools for use, hence ability to make tools was seen as the essential distinction between human beings and animals. Dr Louis Leakey, a famous primatologist said " We have to define what is a tool, or we have to define what is a human being or we have to accept that chimpanzees are human beings!".

Google car - can you see what is different?
What is special about this car? Did you guess? What is the meaning of self-driving car? Yes, it has no driver.


When you drive, you gather information about the road, other vehicles, people, animals and weather and you operate the controls. Gathering information, processing, analyzing and acting, has been a defining characteristic of the human species. If a car can now do this, does it make the car a human being? What makes a human being special?

To understand more about digital technologies are affecting how we learn and how we work, let us think of a small activity.

Think and write

Let us say you are withdrawing money from a nearby ATM. Can you make a list of all the things you need to do for that? You need your account number, your Personal Identification Number (PIN) and you need to enter the amount of money. When you put your card in the machine, it verifies your PIN, collects information about your bank account, the bank and the balance amount. The ATM machine does all of this, communicates with your bank and allows you to withdraw the money.

In the box below, can you list down three important words that come to your mind when you read about this? Can you draw a flowchart of how you think this activity could happen?

Think and write






So many things we do now are based on collecting information, processing information, representing information and communicating information. Many devices - mobile phones, television, computers, tablets, cameras, scanners - collectively called ICT, have made this possible. How we collect information, how we analyze it, how we communicate the information and how we use the information to decide what to do are all very important. ICT and broadly digital technologies are changing the way we do things, thus making today's society an information society . You may be familiar with the computer but now ICT have moved far beyond only the computer. As students you have to learn ICT to build your skills for functioning in the information society.

What can you expect to learn

ICT can help you create music, write poetry, learn mathematics or make videos. ICT can also help you in communicating with each other and learning together. This textbook has been developed to introduce you to all these activities.

In this new subject called ICT, we can expect to learn about ICT and how to work with ICT; this will be covered over 3 academic years.

Knowledge

This subject will introduce you to:

  1. What is ICT
  2. How did ICT develop
  3. Effect of ICT on family, neighbourhood, school and village/city
  4. Use of ICT ethically, safely and responsibly
Skill

In this subject, through different hands-on activities and projects you will learn to:

  1. Use ICT to express your ideas, using available resources (using images, audio, text, videos)
  2. Use ICT to learn school subjects and improve your general knowledge
  3. Use ICT to talk to your friends, to work together and to play together
  4. Use ICT in cultural activities and in the development of the local community.

As students, you are encouraged to explore this new area and make connections to your own daily life, the impact these ICT have on your life, how you would like to work with this technology and how you can equip yourself to understand this new way of thinking, learning and communicating.

How is this book organized

The textbook has 5 units, for five themes of ICT learning:

  1. What is the nature of ICT
  2. Data representation and processing
  3. Communication with graphics
  4. Audio visual communication
  5. Learn your school subjects
  • There is an overview section which has an overall introduction for each of the units. This overview for each unit is for you to get a complete view of what are the various aspects you will learn in that unit. These aspects will be then covered level-wise. Some of these ideas may be unfamiliar in the beginning, you could revise them after you finish the level-wise activities.
  • Each unit has a brief introduction followed by hands-on (meaning practical work with your computer) activities for each unit / theme. These units will have activities at three different levels, as you move from class 6-8. Different ICT devices (hardware) and applications (software) will be used for the activities. Your teacher will show you how to use these ICT devices and applications. Instructions for learning applications are available here. You can visit these pages to learn about these applications, which you will use for some of the activities in this book.
  • Your teacher will determine the appropriate level of activity. She will introduce a new unit or an activity with a demonstration. This will be followed by activities for you. These activities could include some projects and will involve individual or group work.
  • You can work individually or in groups or read the textbook and discuss in the classroom. Different groups in the class will work on different examples for a given theme and share your analysis, findings and creations. You will learn together and also teach one another!