44 sounds

From Karnataka Open Educational Resources
Jump to: navigation, search

Video on the 44 sounds - 'the phonetic chart' explained

Resources developed by Uzma Madam, faculty RIESI.

Consonants

Symbol Initial Position Medial Position Final Position
/p/
paper

/ˈpeɪpə(r)/

pepper

/ˈpepə(r)/


tap

/tæp/


/b/
bun

/bʌn/

rubber

/ˈrʌbə(r)/

tub

/tʌb/

/t/
ten

/ten/

kitten

/ˈkɪt(ə)n/

kite

/kaɪt/

/d/
doll

/dɒl/

lady

/ˈleɪdi/

bird

/bɜː(r)d/

/k/
king

/kɪŋ/

ocket

/ˈlɒkɪt/

luck

/lʌk/

/g/
gun

/ɡʌn/

wagon

/ˈwæɡən/

bag

/bæɡ/

/f/
‎‎
fun

/fʌn/

buffoon

/bəˈfuːn/

laugh

/lɑːf

/
/v/
van

/væn/

marvel

/ˈmɑː(r)v(ə)l/

love

/lʌv/

/θ/
thin

/θɪn/

athlete

/ˈæθliːt/

teeth

/tiːθ/

/ð/
those

/ðəʊz/

togerther

/təˈɡeðə(r)/

bathe

/beɪð/

/s/
sign

/saɪn/

basic

/ˈbeɪsɪk/

bus

/bʌs/

/z/
zoom

/zuːm/

business

/ˈbɪznəs/

buzz

/bʌz/

/ƒ/
ship

/ʃɪp/

precious

/ˈpreʃəs/

fresh

/freʃ/

/ʒ/
genre

/ˈʒɒnrə/

television

/ˈtelɪˌvɪʒ(ə)n/

garage

/ˈɡærɑːʒ/

/tƒ/
Chips

/tʃɪps/

picture

/ˈpɪktʃə(r)/

church

/tʃɜː(r)tʃ/

/dʒ/
gem

/dʒem/

magic

/ˈmædʒɪk/

judge

/dʒʌdʒ/

/h/
home

/həʊm/

behave

/bɪˈheɪv/

----
/m/
moon

/muːn/

admire

/ədˈmaɪə(r)/

dream

/driːm/

/n/
noon

/nuːn/

candle

/ˈkænd(ə)l/

rain

/reɪn/

/ƞ/
---- hanger

/ˈhæŋə(r)

ring

/rɪŋ/

/l/
life

/laɪf/

balloon

/bəˈluːn/

goal

/ɡəʊl/

/r/
road

/rəʊd/

arrow

/ˈærəʊ/

----
/w/
warm

/wɔː(r)m/

between

/bɪˈtwiːn/

----
/j/
yellow

/ˈjeləʊ/

beyond

/bɪˈjɒnd/

----

Vowels

Symbol Initial Position Medial Position Final Position
/I/, /i/
ink

/ɪŋk/

pink

/pɪŋk/

city

/ˈsɪti/

/I:/, /i:/
eat

/iːt/

feat  

/fiːt/

fee  

/fiː/

/Ʊ/
------- good  

/ɡʊd/

----
/u:/
*ooze

/uːz/

juice

/dʒuːs/

jew

/dʒuː/

/e/
egg

/eɡ/

peg

/peɡ/

---
/æ/
axe

/æks/

tax

/tæks/

---
/D/, / Ɔ/
orange

/ˈɒrɪndʒ/

hot

/hɒt/

---
/D:/, /Ɔ:/
August

/ɔːˈɡʌst/

caught

/kɔːt/

saw

/sɔː/

/ɑ:/
arm

/ɑː(r)m/

farm

/fɑː(r)m/

far

/fɑː(r)/

/^/
under

/ˈʌndə(r)/

luck

/lʌk/

----
/Ə/
ago

/əˈɡəʊ/

police

/pəˈliːs/

father

/ˈfɑːðə(r)/

/Ȝ:/, /Ə:/
early

/ˈɜː(r)li/

bird

/bɜː(r)d/

occur

/əˈkɜː(r)/

Diphthongs

Symbol Initial Position Medial Position Final Position
/ eI /
eight

/eɪt/

maid

/meɪd/

play

/pleɪ/

/ ɑI /
eyes

/aɪ/

like

/laɪk/

sky

/skaɪ/

/ƆI
oil

/ɔɪl/

boil

/bɔɪl/

boy

/bɔɪ/

/ƏƱ/
old

/əʊld/

boat

/bəʊt/

row

/rəʊ/

/aƱ/
out

/aʊt/

shout

/ʃaʊt/

now

/naʊ/

/I Ə /
ear

/ɪə(r)/

pierce

/pɪə(r)s/

dear

/dɪə(r)/

/Ʊ Ə/
--- tourist

/ˈtʊərɪst/

poor

/pʊə(r)/

/e Ə/
air

/eə(r)/

careful

/ˈkeə(r)f(ə)l/

fare

/feə(r)/