Judicial System

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Brief introduction to the topic

The Indian judicial system follows the common law system based on recorded judicial precedents as inherited from the British colonial legacy. The court system of India comprises the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts and subordinate courts at district, municipal and village levels. The Indian judicial system is a single integrated system. The Constitution of India divides the Indian judiciary into superior judiciary (the Supreme Court and the High Courts) and the subordinate judiciary (the lower courts under the control of the High Courts).

Additional resources

This document is comprehensive and provides all the required information on the history and structure of courts in India.

This resource can be used to get a good idea of the basics of the Indian Judiciary.

Students can be shown this basic video at the beginning of the chapter to familiarize them with the concept of hierarchy of courts.

How the topic is discussed in NCERT books?


This chapter is a must-read from the NCERT books, as they have relevant, thought provoking questions and simple explanations about our courts as well.



This chapter is titled Judicial System and is Chapter 4 in the Part 2 textbook of Social Sciences (Class 9)

Project ideas

Visiting the nearest Court is the best way to observe and understand how the proceedings go. It will be a sort of field trip for the students and will be very informative.