Reproduction in Higher Plants

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ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ನೋಡಿ

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Karnataka State textbook Class 8-Science: Chapter 20-Reproduction in higher plants

Additional information

Angiosperm Evolution - This webpage of 'CK-12' discusses how flowers probably began as a series of modified leaves spiralled around the stem and co-evolved with their pollinators. It has images related to evolution of flowers including a fossilized plant Archaefructus (“ancient fruit”) has been interpreted as the first flowering plant, with carpels and stamens spread out along the stem, which dates back to the early Cretaceous, 125 million years ago.

Useful websites

Pollination: it's vital to life on Earth, but largely unseen by the human eye. Filmmaker Louie Schwartzberg shows us the intricate world of pollen and pollinators with gorgeous high-speed images from his film "Wings of Life," inspired by the vanishing of one of nature's primary pollinators, the honeybee.

This video discusses sexual reproduction in plants: labelling different parts of a flower, pollination by 'wind and water' and 'pollinators', fertilization, formation of an endosperm, and seed dispersal

Reference Books

Teaching Outlines

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Activity No #

  • Estimated Time
  • Materials/ Resources needed
  • Prerequisites/Instructions, if any
  • Multimedia resources
  • Website interactives/ links/ simulations
  • Process (How to do the activity)
  • Developmental Questions (What discussion questions)
  • Evaluation (Questions for assessment of the child)
  • Question Corner


Concept #

Learning objectives

Notes for teachers

These are short notes that the teacher wants to share about the concept, any locally relevant information, specific instructions on what kind of methodology used and common misconceptions/mistakes.

Activity No #

  • Estimated Time
  • Materials/ Resources needed
  • Prerequisites/Instructions, if any
  • Multimedia resources
  • Website interactives/ links/ simulations
  • Process (How to do the activity)
  • Developmental Questions (What discussion questions)
  • Evaluation (Questions for assessment of the child)
  • Question Corner


Activity No #

  • Estimated Time
  • Materials/ Resources needed
  • Prerequisites/Instructions, if any
  • Multimedia resources
  • Website interactives/ links/ simulations
  • Process (How to do the activity)
  • Developmental Questions (What discussion questions)
  • Evaluation (Questions for assessment of the child)
  • Question Corner

Project Ideas

Flowering plants (ck12.org)- This pdf document contains certain sample discussion questions as part of a class discussion, as an essay topic, or as a student project idea.

Fun corner