Challenges of adolescence - National workshop November 2014
- UNICEF national workshop on adolescent education, 2014. Presentation made by Joachim Theis, on adolescence issues.
- Keeping Girls in Secondary School: Successes and Challenges Dharwad, Karnataka. Workshop 20—21 June 2015
This page contains documents, audio and video resources on gender and violence against women.All these resources were produced as part of work by Hengasara Hakkina Sangha (HHS), an NGO working on issues of gender,rights and law in Karnataka. HHS works with women collectives, State departments, corporates, educational institutions, trade unions and media on issues of gender and law. Capacity building of rural women collectives to combat gender based violence, research and advocacy on issues of violence against women, law and support services for women facing violence, production of multi-media resources in local language on gender and rights, forms the main focus of HHS work. The materials here can be used by teahcers, activists and any one who is interested in gender, rights and law.
What is Gender?
Gender is a concept and an analytical tool used to explain and understand the power relations and differences between men and women in society. Gender is socially and culturally constructed differences between men and women. Therefore , the way gender works varies from place to place and time to time. Gender analysis has shown how certain norms privileges men,through imposition and reinforcement of gender norms and rules, society deprives women of rights, power, and resources. Traditional gender roles are a driving force behind women's lower economic status, low literacy and education, poorer health outcomes, and greater exposure to gender-based violence. Therefore, understanding gender, that men and women, boys and girls for example experience poverty or education differently and face different barriers in accessing services, economic resources and political opportunities has helped to understand marginalization women face better. This is in turn has informed the way development interventions in various parts of the world.
Watch the Video on Concept of Gender- Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eu9blcKGwDU
Watch the Video on Impact of Gender- Click here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZulrkBsf03U
Violence Against Women (VAW)
Violence against women is most rampant human rights violation that happens around us. VAW is however, largely normalized by society. We see that unequal gender relations are socially and culturally endorsed and legitimized in various ways. VAW is a continuum of gender based discrimination and gender inequality , violence specifically is nothing but use of power to enforce gender norms. Violence and threat of violence becomes a major obstacle to women’s and girls’ development, and their welfare.
Gender and Rights based approach believes all human being have equal value. It acknowledges the power imbalances between the genders and seeks to address this through investing rights to women. Our constitution also guarantees equal rights to all citizens of this country. Women’s groups and women’s collectives used rights based approach to address marginalization that women experience in their lives. Rights based approach has addressed issue of VAW by using already existing rights that women have in legal provisions to make their lives better as well as ask for newer rights for equal and a just society.
Why violence happen against women?
Watch the Video on Video on Violence Against Women. This video talks about the inter linkages between, gender and VAW. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0DXyIhlcdy0
Watch the Video on Constitution and Fundamental rights: Video talks about important rights listed under our Constitution. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1e7hJ_yvW8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=szih6FZv2cY
Watch this video on the importance and differences between Rights and Law https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3R7CnwIjsXI
Legal rights forms one of the important ways of addressing issue of VAW. Here are some resources that HHS has developed over decades in the course of its work with federations (coming together of various sanghas at Taluka and district level) in various parts of Karnataka. 'Rights at the centre: Documentation of HHS work with federations in Karnataka' hhsaavarana.wordpress.com
Law on Domestic Violence (DV): There is a criminal law as well as a law that offers civil remedies to women facing DV in India. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence 2005 Act (PWDVA 2005 Act) provides civil remedies to women facing DV. Here are some materials on PWDVA 2005:
1. FAQs On PWDVA 2005: FAQs on the main features of PWDVA 2005
2. Flip Chart on the main provisions of PWDVA: A Flip Chart on the relief women can claim under PWDVA 2005 Act
3. Video on 498A: Video presents legal provisions under 498A, criminal law on DV.
4. Video on Case Jounrey under PWDVA 2005: Video present some important stages in the course of a case under this law. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vbsneeumanY
Crisis intervention booklet
This is a handbook for activists and people working with women facing violence. The handbook provides step by step details to be taken while handling cases of DV, Dowry and Rape.
Sexual Assault and Laws on Sexual Assault
What is Sexual Assault? The video tells us about the various violations and legal provisions for Sexual Assault in India
Gender Training manual
The training manual features training modules on Gender, Gender discrimination, Gender stereotyping, Gender and VAW, Gender and Sexuality etc. The modules also carry notes for the trainer. The manual can be used in training context as well as to initiate discussion on Gender issues. Here is the manual: http://www.slideshare.net/hhs36/kannada-manual-for-prin
1. Interviews: These videos feature interviews with women leaders and activits of federations working with rural women on issues on gender, in various parts of Karnataka.
Interview with Uma, Agama Dalitha Mahila Okkuta, Belgaum
Interview with Roopa, Sangama Okkuta, Ilkal
Interview with Sharanamma,Sangama Okkuta, Ikal
Interview with Kitturu Rani Chennamma Okkuta, Deviramma, Harapanahalli https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljKu-WjHIrI
Interview with Kumar, Kitturu Rani Chennamma Okkuta, Harapanahalli https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQaWZqt2z_s
Interview with Sukanya, Swaraj, Chennapatna
2. Videos on gender, rights and Laws
Gender and Impact of Gender
Equality, Constitution and Fundamental Rights
3. Laws on VAW and Domestic Violence
4. Laws on Sexual Assualt