DIET Shivamogga

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Shivamogga earlier known as shimoga is an ancient land, which was earlier called as Mandli. The name Shivamogga has its own Legend. A Saint who took water in his bowl of River Tunga exclaimed that it’s very sweet so the name Sihi meaning sweet and mogge meaning bowl became the name of this City. According to one legend, the name Shivamogga is related to the Hindu God Shiva. Shiva-Mukha (Face of Shiva), Shivana-Moogu (Nose of Shiva) or Shivana-Mogge (Flowers to be offered to Shiva) can be the origins of the name "Shivamogga". Another legend indicates that the name Shivamogga is derived from the word Sihi-Moge which means sweet pot. According to this legend, Shivamogga once had the ashram of the sage Durvasa. He used to boil sweet herbs in an earthen pot. Some cowherds, found this pot and after tasting the sweet beverage named this place Sihi-Moge.

Historical Background: Shivamogga, almost central on the Karnataka map is the rice bowl of the State. The rivers Tungabhadra, Sharavathi, Varada and Kumudavathi inundate the luxuriant greens of the region.Shivamogga were ruled by the great Indian dynasties of the Kadambas, Gangas, Chalukyas, Rastrakutas, Keladi and Vijaynagar Kings. Shivamogga (Face of Shiva) was established by the Keladi rulers. It reached its pinnacle during the rule of Shivappa Nayaka around 1600 A.D. Remains found in the district disclose that man was reisdent in the area in those early times. In 1881, two early stone-age tools were discovered in a 'Shingle bed' at Nyamati, at a short distance from the Tungabhadra river. They were bifacial pebble tools made of quartzite, one with a rounded working edge and the other with a pointed working edge. Some Neolithic sites were noticed and uncovered at • Guddemaradi on the bank of Tunga river near Shivamogga city • Nilaskal near Nagar in Hosanagar taluk • Kunda hill near Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluk • Yeddegudde near Thirthahalli • Ashoka nagar, Anaveri and Nagasamudra in Bhadravati taluk Three Iron Age megalithic sites, with different megaliths, have also been found in the district, at Nilaskal in Hosanagar taluk and Shivamogga, which have menhirs, and at Arehalli in Thirthahalli taluk, which has portholed burial chambers. The district formed the southern tip of Mauryan Emperor Ashoka's Empire in the third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (fifteenth century). The city got an independent identity under Keladi Nayaka rule during 16th century,

reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.

On 1st November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shivamogga to Shivamogga, along with nine other cities in the state, but the renaming is yet to get approval from the Central Government

Shivamogga is famous for several tourist spots. The world famous Jog falls attracts tourist from all over the world. Agumbe is a beautiful ‘Sun-set’ viewing spot from where the beautiful scenery of the sunset can be seen throughout the year, when the clouds are clear. Keladi and Ikkeri in Sagar Taluk, Udutadi and Balligavi in Shikaripura Taluk, Ambuthirtha and Mrughavadhe in Thirthahalli Taluk, Gudavi and Mandagadde bird sanctuaries in Sorab and Thirthahalli Taluks respectively, Bidanur Fort in Hosanagar Taluk, Kudli Sangama in Shivamogga Taluk, the world famous Narasimhaswamy temple of Hoysala style at Bhadravathi are a few tourist places with historical significance to be worth mentioning. ‘Kavishyla’ is a place in Thirthahalli Taluk. Where the famous Rastra Kavi Kuvempu was born, brought up and had gained inspiration for his famous literary works. It is a place to be seen by tourists and interested academicians.

Geographical features

Shivamogga district is a part of the Malnad region of Karnataka and is also known as the "Gateway to Malnad" or Malenaada Hebbagilu in Kannada. Located in the central part of Karnataka state, Shivamogga district is landlocked, i.e. neither does it have a coastline, nor does it border any other state of India. It is bounded by Haveri District to the northeast, Davanagere District to the east, Chikmagalur District to the southeast, Udupi District to the southwest, and Uttara Kannada to the northwest. Administrative divisions:

Shivamogga district is divided into 2 Sub-divisions and 7 Taluks. The Sagar Sub-division comprises the taluks of Sagar, Shikaripura, Sorab and Hosanagara while the Shivamogga Sub-division comprises the taluks of Shivamogga, Bhadravathi and Thirthahalli. The Shivamogga district administration is headed by the Deputy Commissioner who also has the additional role of a District Magistrate. Assistant Commissioners, Tahsildars, Shirastedars (revenue official at Tahsil level), Revenue inspectors and Village Accountants help the Deputy Commissioner in the administration of the district. Shivamogga city is the headquarters of the district. It lies in the south-eastern part of the district. The city is spread over an area of 50 km² and has a population of 274,352, in which 140,224 (51.11%) are males and 134,128 (48.89%) are females. It has a high literacy rate of 83.79%. The city rose into prominence recently when the 73rd All-India Kannada Sahitya Sammelan was held here in the month of December-2006.

Shivamogga elects 1 person to the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Indian Parliament. Shivamogga also elects 7 people to the Legislative Assembly of the state of Karnataka. The Assembly constituencies in Shivamogga district are: Shivamogga, Shivamogga Rural, Bhadravathi, Sorab, Shikaripura, Thirthahalli, Sagar.



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