Social change

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A brief introduction to the topic

Social change can be defined as changes in human interactions and relationships that transform cultural and social institutions. Given that change is a constant process, social change often has profound and long-term consequences for society. Some examples of such change have resulted from social movements in civil rights, women's rights, and LBGTQ+ rights. Relationships have changed, institutions have changed, and cultural norms have changed as a result of these social change movements.

Additional resources

This resource can be used to look at the definition of Social change and its development.

This is a good website to go through for sub-topics like conflict, competition and co-operation.

This gives more information and details about the sub topics and has useful questions that can be used in tests, assignments, etc.

An interesting read on the topic of coexistence, this essay gives a lot of perspective on the importance of co-existence especially in war prone areas.


This chapter is the first sociology chapter in Part 2 of the 9th grade social sciences text book.


The textbook suggests many activities including:

  1. Conducting a debate on the advantages and disadvantages of competition
  2. Visiting a co-operative society
  3. Arranging an essay competition in school on the importance of coexistence.

Apart from these it would be great if students had an idea of real time examples of Social change. Discussions with regards to the current status of women or the example of untouchability being abolished will also be helpful.